What is it?

Stucco typically is applied over a galvanized wire mesh called lath, which helps adhere the stucco to the supporting structure and strengthens the entire assembly. It is a cement-based plaster that people apply over walls and other surfaces inside and outside of buildings. They make it from cement, sand, and lime, and it hardens into a highly durable material that requires little maintenance. Like traditional decorative plaster, people can trowel, brush, or otherwise texture stucco to create a variety of finish effects.

Wall with Stuco

Techniques of Stucco

-Common and exterior render prepared with hydraulic lime, sand and hair.
-Rugged, people used a fine plaster of sand and lime made of chalk or a very pure limestone internally to mimic the stonework.
-Bastard, people prepared a top finish from fat lime putty (i.e., non-hydraulic) and fine washed sand and applied it to a good support layer, washing, polishing, or floating it afterward.
-Smooth, a layer of coarse lime applied as a layer of normal finish, scrubbed, polished and painted.


Stucco’s versatility and durability make it a popular choice for both interior and exterior surfaces. From traditional compositions to more refined varieties, stucco offers long-lasting, aesthetically pleasing coatings. Its application over galvanized wire mesh provides a strong base, allowing for various finishes to match different architectural styles. Overall, stucco combines practicality with creative expression, contributing to its enduring relevance in construction and design.

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